Shuar (Amazon Woman)
The Shuar are one of the most numerous Amazonian indigenous peoples. They habit the jungles of Ecuador and Peru. In Shuar nationality, the ipiak (achiote) is usually used, which is used to paint the cheeks, the Eyelashes and eyebrows. Facial design is a symbolic representation of the individual activity of the subject, socially recognized The variety of designs responds to the multiple practical activity of the Shuar.
Amazonian women live in an unfavorable context, the product of a historical process of violence, colonization and displacement. Today, its situation is complicated by the threats of mining, deforestation, oil extraction, expansion of monocultures and biofuels, drug trafficking, and others.
This scenario where discrimination and inequality prevail, both inside and outside communities and organizations, generating repercussions on the development, integrity and cultural and spiritual life of indigenous women. Understanding the Amazonian woman implies entering her reality, her worldview and everything that gives meaning to her existence. Amazonian indigenous women do not present themselves as victims, but as defenders of their territories, their families and their cultures.
Although there is still a way to go to overcome the double violation they suffer (as indigenous and as women), the female faces of the Amazon require a space for debate and reflection on their problems.
Author: Javier Clemente Martinez is a documentary photographer, was born in Madrid, Spain.
His work focuses on social and humanitarian issues, cultural and environmental conservation.
Several of his works had participated in Photography Festivals and exhibitions in Spain, Italy or England.